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Posts Tagged ‘Platinum’

Gold, Nonferrous Metal, Platinum, Silver, Tin

March 15, 2012

Track the performance of your most precious investment

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Gold, Nonferrous Metal, Platinum, Silver, Tin

September 8, 2011

Why Gold, Silver and Platinum Bullion?

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There are many reasons why pension fund managers, private investors and even governments are beginning to add bullion to their portfolios. Perhaps the most important reason for this shift is that bullion provides superior insurance in times of financial uncertainty such as we are facing today.

Until governments solve their debt problems and no longer need to debase their currencies through unbridled money creation, a fully diversified portfolio should include gold, silver and platinum both for wealth protection and growth.

Read the rest of article here…

Alloy, Copper, Gold, Lead, Nickel, Nonferrous Metal, Platinum, Rare Earth, Silver, Tin

August 1, 2011

Critical Raw Materials

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Richard (Rick) Mills /> Ahead of the Herd

As a general rule, the most successful man in life is the man who has the best information

A critical or strategic material is a commodity whose lack of availability during a national emergency would seriously affect the economic, industrial, and defensive capability of a country.

The report “Critical Raw Materials for the EU” listed 14 raw materials which they deemed critical to the European Union (EU): antimony, beryllium, cobalt, fluorspar, gallium, germanium, graphite, indium, magnesium, niobium, platinum group metals, rare earths, tantalum and tungsten.

The French Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières rates high tech metals as critical, or not, based on three criteria:

  • Possibility (or not) of substitution
  • Irreplaceable functionality
  • Potential supply risks

Demand is increasing for critical metals due to:

  • Economic growth of developing countries
  • Emergence of new technologies and products

Access to raw materials at competitive prices has become essential to the functioning of all industrialized economies. As we move forward developing and developed countries will, with their:

  • Massive population booms
  • Infrastructure build out and urbanization plans
  • Modernization programs for existing, tired and worn out infrastructure

Continue to place extraordinary demands on our ability to access and distribute the planets natural resources.

Threats to access and distribution of these commodities could include:

  • Political instability of supplier countries
  • The manipulation of supplies
  • The competition over supplies
  • Attacks on supply infrastructure
  • Accidents and natural disasters
  • Climate change

Accessing a sustainable, and secure, supply of raw materials is going to become the number one priority for all countries. Increasingly we are going to see countries ensuring their own industries have first rights of access to internally produced commodities and they will look for such privileged access from other countries.

Numerous countries are taking steps to safeguard their own supply by:

  • Stopping or slowing the export of natural resources
  • Shutting down traditional supply markets
  • Buying companies for their deposits
  • Project finance tied to off take agreements

Many countries classify cobalt as a critical or a strategic metal.

The US is the world’s largest consumer of cobalt and the US also considers cobalt a strategic metal. The US has no domestic production – the United States is 100% dependent on imports for its supply of primary cobalt – currently about 15% of U.S. cobalt consumption is from recycled scrap, resulting in a net import reliance of 85%.

Although cobalt is one of the 30 most abundant elements within the earth’s crust it’s low concentration (.002%) means it’s usually produced as a by-product – cobalt is mainly obtained as a by-product of copper and nickel mining activities.

Today 40% of the cobalt consumed in the world originated as a by-product from copper production in the West African country of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) – cobalt production in most other countries is a by-product of nickel mining.

The copper deposits in the Katanga Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo are the top producers of cobalt and the political situation in the Congo influences the price of cobalt significantly. The politically unstable Democratic Republic of Congo contains half the world’s cobalt supply and represents the lion’s share of anticipated future cobalt supply – the DRC’s 2007 output was equal to the combined production of cobalt by Canada, Australia and Zambia.

In a nine billion dollar joint venture with the DRC China got the rights to the vast copper and cobalt resources of the North Kivu in exchange for providing $6 billion worth of road construction, two hydroelectric dams, hospitals, schools and railway links to southern Africa, to Katanga and to the Congo Atlantic port at Matadi. The other $3 billion is to be invested by China in development of new mining areas. Approximately half of  known global cobalt reserves are in the DRC, and close to 40%-50% of incremental cobalt production, over the next five years, is anticipated to emanate from the DRC.

At 19.7 percent of global supply Zambia is the world’s second largest producer of copper-cobalt. According to a recently released report by the Zambian Central Bank cobalt production rose to 2,236 tons in the first quarter of 2011 from 1,989 tons last year, exports increased to 2,279 from 1,977.

China is extremely short of cobalt concentrates and needs to import cobalt concentrates in large amounts every year. The leading global producers of refined cobalt are China (39%), Finland (15%) and Canada (8%). China is a leading supplier of cobalt imports to the United States.

The cobalt market is small in comparison with other base metals. Consumers purchase cobalt through negotiated agreements, bids, and open markets from producers, traders and to a lesser degree, government stockpiles and private inventories.


Cobalt is a strategic and critical metal used in many diverse industrial and military applications.

  • Super alloys
  • Renewable Energy Re-usable energy storage systems
  • Wear resistant alloys
  • Magnets
  • Binder Material
  • Thermal spray coatings
  • Orthopedics
  • Life Science
  • Catalyst in de-sulfurizing crude oil and as a catalyst in hydrogenation, oxidation, reduction, and synthesis of hydrocarbons.
  • Gas to liquid technology (GLT)
  • Other Uses – Drying agents in paints, de-colorizers, dyes, pigments, and oxidizers. Promotes adherence of enamel to steel, and steel to rubber in steel belted radial tires


China seemingly has most of the DRC’s production of cobalt locked up, that’s up to 40% of global mined cobalt.

Cobalt is classified as a strategic/critical metal.

With the recent strong support for electric vehicles the use of cobalt in this sector alone has led to a formidable demand for the element and the US cannot continue to depend on its cobalt being supplied mostly from China.

There is no doubt in this author’s mind that cobalt’s profile will continue growing in the coming months and years.

Is cobalt on your radar screen?

If not maybe it should be.

Richard (Rick) Mills /> />

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This document is not and should not be construed as an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to purchase or subscribe for any investment. Richard Mills has based this document on information obtained from sources he believes to be reliable but which has not been independently verified; Richard Mills makes no guarantee, representation or warranty and accepts no responsibility or liability as to its accuracy or completeness. Expressions of opinion are those of Richard Mills only and are subject to change without notice. Richard Mills assumes no warranty, liability or guarantee for the current relevance, correctness or completeness of any information provided within this Report and will not be held liable for the consequence of reliance upon any opinion or statement contained herein or any omission. Furthermore, I, Richard Mills, assume no liability for any direct or indirect loss or damage or, in particular, for lost profit, which you may incur as a result of the use and existence of the information provided within this Report.

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Gold, Nonferrous Metal, Nonferrous Metals Prices, Platinum, Silver

January 18, 2010

Platinum Rises High, Gold Ticks Up

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It was analysted that expect platinum and palladium, used in catalytic converters, to rise further, after gaining 14 percent and 28 percent respectively since late December, but also warn of a correction on concerns over the still ailing auto sector.

The platinum group metals (PGM) rise and the dollar’s dip against a basket of currencies lifted gold, but analysts said fresh impetus was needed to push bullion higher as there was little support from currency markets with the euro under pressure.

Spot platinum rose as high as $1,626.00 per ounce, its highest since August 2008, and was at $1,612 an ounce by 2:52 p.m. EST, up about 1 percent on the day.

Spot palladium rose as high as $459 an ounce, its highest since early July 2008, and stood at $457.50 in late trading, up about 1.1 percent from Friday.

“We saw the opening of the U.S. ETFs this month, that’s proved relatively popular so far. We’ve seen a little bit of switching from gold to PGMs overall, so that’s driven the price,” said Commerzbank trader Rory McVeigh.

A U.S. subsidiary of London’s ETF Securities launched the products last Friday, and uptake has been healthy. About 170,000 ounces of metals were added to the products in the first two trading sessions.

But McVeigh said the lack of a solid recovery in the car industry could mean once the investment demand is saturated, both metals could be heading for a sharp correction.

“When it’s investment driven, the exit could be a lot harsher than the rise,” he said, but he did not rule out a rise to $1,800 an ounce for platinum in the short term.

Gold prices were up slightly but rises were limited as the euro remained under pressure due to financial problems in Greece and concerns over the potential impact on the single currency.

Investors have also kept to the sidelines because New York markets were closed on Monday for Martin Luther King Jr. Day.

Spot gold inched up to $1,132.50 per ounce compared with $1,129.90 an ounce late in New York on Friday. U.S. gold futures for February delivery were at $1,134 per ounce, up 0.25 percent.

“Until we get fresh momentum based on an event or data, gold is going to continue to struggle as long as the dollar is being preferred versus the euro,” said Tom Kendall, precious metals strategist at Mitsubishi.

Spot gold hit a five-week high of $1,161.50 on January 11. Gold has fallen 2.5 percent since then, as a rise in the greenback hurt investor sentiment.

The high gold price has hurt Italian jewellers, who are now turning to alternative materials such as leather, textiles and ceramics to offset prices, an industry executive at the Vicenza trade fair said.

Holdings by the world’s largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund, SPDR Gold Trust, fell 0.914 tonnes to 1,112.836 tonnes on Jan 15.

Silver prices were at $18.61 an ounce versus $18.36 an ounce late in New York on Friday.

Gold, Nonferrous Metal, Nonferrous Metals Prices

September 22, 2009

US Gold Nears $1,020/oz

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U.S. gold futures rose toward $1,020 an ounce on Tuesday, gaining 1 percent as a sharp deterioration of the dollar’s value triggered investment buying in gold as a currency hedge.


* December gold GCZ9 settled up $10.60, or 1.1 percent, at $1,015.50 an ounce on the COMEX division of New York Mercantile Exchange.

* Ranged from $1,004.20 to $1,021.50.

* Gold boosted by a tumbling dollar. Deteriorating sentiment toward the U.S. currency pushed FX dealers to sell it ahead of a Federal Reserve meeting and Group of 20 summit this week. U.S. dollar index .DXY fell almost 1 percent against a basket of major currencies. [USD/]

* Gold’s rally primarily was driven by its inverse relationship with the U.S. dollar – Frank Holmes, chief executive officer and chief investment officer of U.S. Global Investors, a commodities-focused fund manager.

* Gold could still go higher in deflationary economy because of currency devaluation as a result of deficit spending and a strong resolve to keep interest rates negative – Holmes.

* Gold, which is priced in the U.S. currency, usually goes up with a falling greenback. Gold is also seen as an alternative to holding dollar-denominated assets and other major currencies.

* Gold’s status as an investment continues to rise. The world’s largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund, the SPDR Gold Trust GLD, said its holdings stood at 1,101.735 tonnes as of Sept. 21, up from 1,086.479 tonnes the previous day.

* Lack of gold jewelry demand, however, could limit further gains – traders.

* India’s gold imports in 2009 may fall to their lowest level since trade was liberalized 12 years ago as high prices have put off buyers in the world’s biggest market for the metal – top Indian importer. [ID:nBOM512227]

* Worries about imminent shorter-term traders also dragged prices lower, as trade data showed that speculators held a record net long position in U.S. gold futures.

* U.S. crude futures rebounded above $71 per barrel on improved sentiment for demand and a weaker dollar. [O/R]

* Gold-to-oil ratio at 14.21, down from the previous session’s 14.41.

* COMEX estimated final volume at 96,316 lots.

* Spot gold XAU= at $1,013.25 at 2:32 p.m. EDT (1832 GMT) versus $1,002.55, which was the previous session’s late New York quote.

* London afternoon gold fix XAUFIX= was at $1,014 an ounce.


* December silver SIZ9 finished up 23.5 cents, or 1.4 percent, at $17.115 an ounce, up with gold.

* Range from $16.830 to $17.345.

* COMEX estimated final volume at 21,997 lots.

* Spot silver XAG= was at $17.07 versus its previous finish of 16.80 an ounce.

* London silver fix XAGFIX= at $17.24 an ounce.


* October platinum PLV9 ended up $17, or 1.3 percent, at $1,339.20 an ounce on the back of stronger global equities markets.

* Spot platinum XPT= was at $1,329 compared with its previous finish of $1,315.50.


* December palladium PAZ9 closed up $3.25, or 1.1 percent, at $302.40 an ounce.

* Spot palladium XPD= was at $300 against its previous close of $294.50.